Discomfort that feels like an “electric shock” suggests a nerve problem. Perhaps the most common example is sciatica. The sciatic nerve is compressed or irritated. This causes a shooting pain down the back of the leg.
The sensation of an electric shock along the side of the face strongly suggests a condition called trigeminal neuralgia. This is nerve pain (neuralgia) from the trigeminal nerve.
Branches of the trigeminal nerve travel from just in front of the ear to the forehead, temple, cheek and chin. When this nerve sends pain signals to the brain, it causes an electrical shock-like sensation along its course. Sometimes, the cause of trigeminal neuralgia can be pinpointed. Recognized causes include:
compression by an abnormal blood vessel
a tumor near the trigeminal nerve (this is rare)
In many cases, no cause can be found. It’s as if the nerve is simply “misfiring,” sending pain signals for no apparent reason.
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